My background


Buying and selling of instruments

Workshops and lessons











Studying tabla and sitar at the Rotterdam’s Conservatory, now known as Codarts in the early 90’s, I wrote my thesis on tabla. I will also share here some interesting parts from this paper.

And as a service I will explain some basic instrument maintenance. It’s for those of you who are new to the instruments so you understand a little more how to care for them.

If you want to buy or sell an instrument, then I will add your request to my “selling and buying an instrument” page. Send a photo with your request and I will add it to the page. If you sell your instrument via my page then I will ask you for a small commission.

Of course I will add links to my colleagues in the field of musical instruments, teaching, selling, or any other aspect that may be of interest.  Please contact me if you have a website in any way linked to Indian music and instruments.

To navigate always come back to Home Instruments, if you need to go to another part of the website. There are almost 150 pages, so please if anything is unclear, contact me and I'll try to improve it.

If there is any part of this website that you feel is incorrect or can be different in any way, please let me know, I am open to any ideas and also to constructive comments that will improve the site and the information included in it. Some of the articles are a little outdated so if anyone has up to date information for me I would be happy to hear from you. I’m not a scholar, but just someone who wishes to share his ideas.

In every place where I wrote "he" in a general meaning, please read "he/she".

In my enthusiasm I included many photos from the Internet and forgot to note down the sources. If you recognise your picture and want the copyright mentioned, accept my apology and please contact me to correct that.


About the instruments and the music

General history of Indian instruments


Sitar and other stringed instruments


Tabla (dutch/nederlands)

Spiritual aspects of Indian Music


On and off over the past 40 years I have been studying Indian classical music.

On this website you will be able to read about the meaning and the profound importance of the sound quality and the process of jawari (the filing of the bridge from where the main sound and overtones are produced). Also you will find a history of the origin of the flat bridge, jawari and its development.

I have looked into the tanpura, the drone instrument that supplies the backbone to all Indian music.  Its history, building of the tanpura and basic will be found here. Information about playing positions and techniques can be found here too.

Toss hat